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Kristin E. Sandau

Job Titles

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Dr. Sandau has been a Bethel University nursing faculty member in 2006. She has over 30 years of experience in acute cardiovascular patient care. Dr. Sandau chaired the 2017 AHA Scientific Statement's: Update to Practice Standards for Electrocardiographic Monitoring in Hospital Settings: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association.

Started at Bethel

2006

Education

  • Bethel College - B.S., 1989
  • University of Minnesota - M.S., 1999
  • University of Minnesota - Ph.D., 2004

Biography

Bethel University Professor of Nursing, Undergraduate and Graduate School, Bethel University, 3900 Bethel Drive, St. Paul, MN 55112; January 2006 to present.

PAST WORK EXPERIENCE:

United Hospital, a part of Allina Health, St. Paul, MN (1989-2020)

  • Staff RN with many years of charge RN role
  • Taught and developed ECG courses
  • Precepted and co-developed precepting classes

Abbott Northwestern Hospital, a part of Allina Health, Minneapolis, MN (Critical Care Nurse Educator, 2004-2005)

Courses Taught

  • Core Courses Taught:
    • Evidence Appraisal and Translation (DNP)
    • Evidence Translation for Practice (Master's)
    • Nursing Care of Individuals I and II (Undergraduate)
    • Clinical Practicum (Undergraduate)
    • Contemporary Wellbeing and Traditional Therapies in Taiwan (Undergraduate)
  • Additional Courses Taught:
    • Cultural Diversity in Health Care
    • Nursing Skills (Undergraduate)
    • Evidence-Based Practice (Undergraduate, BSN Completion)

Awards

2018-present    Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing (FAAN)

2014-present    Fellow in the American Heart Association (FAHA)

2013                Bethel University Faculty Research Excellence Award

2012                Research Poster Award, National Teaching Institute and Critical Care Exposition

2001                Excellence in Nursing Award, United Hospital, St. Paul, MN

Publications

Access these at: US National Library of Medicine/National Institutes of Health

Sandau, K.E., Funk, M. What happened on telemetry? [Spotlight]. AHRQ WebM&M [serial online]. April 2019. Access at: https://psnet.ahrq.gov/webmm/case/473.

Sendelbach, S., Sandau, K.E., Smith, L.A., Kreiger, R., Hanovich, S., & Funk, M. (2019). Implementing practice standards for inpatient electrocardiographic monitoring. American Journal of Critical Care, 28(2), 109-116. doi: 10.4037/ajcc2019699

Halm, M. & Sandau, K. (2018). Skin impact of alcohol-based hand rubs vs handwashing. American Journal of Critical Care, 27(4), 334-337.

Sandau, K.E., Funk, M., Auerbach, A., Barsness, G.W., Blum, K., Cvach, M., Lampert, R., May, J.L., McDaniel, G.M., Perez, M.V., Sendelbach, S., Sommargren, C.E., Wang, P.J. on behalf of the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; Council on Clinical Cardiology; and Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young (2017). Update to practice standards for electrocardiographic monitoring in hospital settings: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 136:e273-e344. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000527. Access at: Update to Practice Standards for Electrocardiographic Monitoring in Hospital Settings: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

Schaffer, M.A., Sandau, K.E., Missal, B. (2017). Demystifying nursing theory: A Christian perspective. Journal of Christian Nursing, 34(2), 102-107. doi:10.1097/CNJ.0000000000000375.

Sandau, K.E., Bredow, T.S., & Peterson, S.J. (2016). Health-related quality of life. In S.J. Peterson & T.S. Bredow (Eds.). Middle Range Theories: Application to Nursing Research. (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. [and previous editions]

Sandau, K.E., Sendelbach, S., Fletcher, L., Frederickson, J., Drew, B.J., &  Funk, M. (2015). Computer-assisted interventions improve QTc documentation in hospital patients receiving QT-prolonging drugs. American Journal of Critical Care, 24:000-000. doi.org/10.4037/ajcc2015xxx

Sandau, K.E., Hoglund, B.A., Weaver, C.E., Boisjolie, C., & Feldman, D. (2014). A conceptual definition of quality of life with a left ventricular assist device: Results from a qualitative study. Heart Lung, 43(1), 32-40. doi: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2013.09.004.

Sandau, K.E., Boisjolie, C, Hodges, J.S. (2014). Use of the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire among elderly patients with aortic stenosis. Results from a pilot study. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 29(2),185-19.doi:10.1097/JCN.0b013e318279b76f.

*Theisen, J.L. & Sandau, K.E. (2013). Competency of new graduate nurses: A review of their weaknesses and strategies for success. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 44(9), 406-14. doi: 10.3928/00220124-20130617-38

Schaffer, M., Sandau, K.E., & *Diedrick, L.A. (2012). Evidence-based practice models for organizational change: Overview and practical applications. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69(5), 1197-209. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06122.x.

*Lagerquist, D., *Dabrowski, M., *Dock, C., *Fox, A., *Daymond, M., Sandau, K.E., & Halm, M. (2012). Care of external fixator site pins. American Journal of Critical Care, 21(4), 288-292.

*Diedrick, L.A., Schaffer, M.A., & Sandau, K.E. (2011). A practical communication strategy to improve implementation of evidence-based practice. JONA, 41(11), 45-465. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e3182346e61

Sandau, K.E. & Halm, M. (2011). Effect of a preceptor education workshop: Part 2. Qualitative results of a hospital-wide study. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 42(4), 172-181. doi: 10.3928/00220124-20101101-02

Sandau, K.E.,Cheng, L.G., Pan, Z., Gaillard, P.R. & Hammer, L. (2011). Effect of a preceptor education workshop: Part 1. Quantitative results of a hospital-wide study. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 42(3), 117-126.

Sandau, K.E., Sendelbach, S., Frederickson, J., & Doran, K. (2010). National survey of cardiologists' awareness, perceptions, and standard of practice for continuous ST-segment monitoring. American Journal of Critical Care, 19(2), 112-123. doi: 10.4037/ajcc2010264

Sandau, K.E. & Halm, M.A. (2010). Preceptor-based orientation programs: Effective for nurses and organizations? American Journal of Critical Care, 19(2), 184-188. doi: 10.4037/ajcc2010436

*Nugteren, L.B. & Sandau, K.E. (2010). Critical review of health-related quality of life studies of patients with aortic stenosis. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 25(1), 25-30.

Sandau, K.E. & Smith, M. (2009). Continuous ST-segment monitoring: 3 case studies in progressive care. Critical Care Nurse, 29(5), 18-28. doi:10.4037/ccn2009953

Sandau, K.E. & Smith, M. (2009). Continuous ST-segment monitoring: Protocol for practice. Critical Care Nurse, 29(4), 39-50.

Sandau, K.E., Lindquist, R.A., Treat-Jacobson, D., Savik, K. (2008). Health-related quality of life and subjective neurocognitive function at 3-months post-coronary artery bypass graft, Heart & Lung, 37(3), 161-172.

*indicates student co-author

Presentations

Sandau, K.E. (Nov., 2019). Updated Practice Standards for ECG Monitoring: Impact at the Bedside. (Invited keynote speaker). The 16th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Association of Cardiovascular Nursing: Tokyo, Japan.

Sandau, K.E., Lee, C.S., Faulkner, K. M., Eckman, P., Garberich, R., Weaver, C., Pozehl, B., Joseph, S., Hall, S.A., Carey, S., Cowger, J., Chaudhry, S.P. , Schroeder, S.S., Hoffman III, R.R., Feldman, D., Conway, G.,  Birati, E.Y., Soni, M., Marble, J., Jurgens, C.Y., Kunz, M.S., Storey, K.M. Hoglund, B.A. (April, 2019). Validity and Reliability of the Quality of Life with a Left Ventricular Assist Device (QOLVAD) Questionnaire. Poster presented at the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation: Orlando, Florida.

Cowger, J., Sandau, K.E. for the QoLVAD Investigators. (April, 2019). QQOLVAD Detects Changes in Emotional, Social, Cognitive, and Physical Wellbeing after Continuous-Flow LVAD Implant. Podium abstract presentation at the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation: Orlando, Florida.

Sandau, K.E. (2018). Updated Practice Standards for ECG Monitoring: Impact at the Bedside Live Webinar: WB0047. AACN Critical Care Webinar Series. Archived at: https://www.aacn.org/education/webinar-series/wb0047/updated-practice-standards-for-ecg-monitoring-impact-at-the-bedside

Sandau, K.E., Funk, M., Barsness, G., McDaniel, G., & Langeberg, T. (2018, November). 2017 AHA/ACC Update to Practice Standards for ECG Monitoring: What We Know and What We Don't. (Invited speaker panel presentation). American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2018: Chicago, IL.

Sandau, K.E., Pozehl, B., Jurgens, C.Y., Garberich, R., Weaver, B.A., Hoglund, B.A., Joseph, S., Carey, S., Hall, S., Cowger, J., Chaudhry, S.P., Schoeder, S., Birati, E.Y., Soni, M., Marble, J., Eckman, P. (2018, April). Quality of Life with a Ventricular Assist Device (QOLVAD) questionnaire: Preliminary psychometrics for a new measure. Poster presented at the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation: Nice, France.

Eckman, P., Garberich, R., Weaver, B.A., Joseph, S., Carey, S., Hall, S., Cowger, J., Chaudhry, S.P., Schoeder, S., Birati, E.Y., Soni, M., Marble, J., Hoglund, B.A., & Sandau, K.E. (2018, April). Spiritual Well-Being in LVAD Recipients Measured by FACIT-Sp is Comparable to Patients with Malignancy. Poster presented at the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation: Nice, France.

Marble, J. Gaberich, R., Eckman, P., Weaver, C., Joseph, S., Carey, S., Hall, S., Cowger, J., Chaudhry, S.P., Schroeder, S., Birata, E., Soni, M., Hoglund, B., & Sandau, K.E. Depressive symptoms among women and men after left ventricular assist device. Poster presented at the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation: Nice, France.

Schroeder, S.E., Sandau, K.E., Pozehl, B.J., & Lundstrom, A.T. Interval Depression Screening and Quality of Life Relationships in Ventricular Assist Device Patients. Poster presented at the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation: Nice, France.

Sandau, K.E., Sendelbach, S., Smith, L.A., Kreiger, R., Funk, M. (2018, April). Implementing American Heart Association Practice Standards for Inpatient ECG Monitoring. University of MN School of Nursing Research Day. Invited presentation. Minneapolis, MN.

Sandau, K.E. (2018, March). Practice Standards and Guidelines: Who Writes Them and How are They Best Used? Invited speaker. Yale New Haven Hospital System Nursing Research Conference 2018. Hartford, CT.

Sendelbach, S., Sandau, K., Kreiger, R., Smith, L., Funk, M. (2017, November). Implementing American Heart Association Practice Standards for Inpatient ECG Monitoring (2017, Nov). (Abstract oral presentation). American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2017: Anaheim, CA.

Kollman, K., Herrmann, A., Sandau, K.E., Bernard, J. (2017, May). An Interprofessional Quality Improvement Project to Reduce Unnecessary Arrhythmia Monitoring. Poster Session presented at the National Teaching Institute of the Association of Critical-Care Nurses: Houston, TX.  

Sandau, K.E. & Sendelbach, S.  (2017, April). Successful Interprofessional Teams to Advance Research and Change Practice. Research and Practice Symposium. Invited presentation at Bethel University, St. Paul, MN.

Sandau, K.E., Herrmann, A., Bernard, J., Sendelbach, S. (2017, March).  Implementation of American Heart Association Practice Standards for ECG Monitoring at Allina Hospitals: A Multi-Site, Inter-Professional Initiative. Invited Speaker: United Hospital Primary Care Grand Rounds, St. Paul, MN.

Sandau, K.E. Implementing AHA Practice Standards for ECG Monitoring: An Implementation Study at Abbott-Northwestern Hospital. Sendelbach, S., Sandau, K., Funk, M., Smith, L., Frederickson, M., Hanovich, S. Invited Speaker to Innovation Summit, .Abbott-Northwestern Hospital, Mpls., MN.

Sandau, K.E. (2014, November). Session No. CVS.612. Transitional Care: Does Patient Cognition Affect Outcome? Patients with Ventricular Assist Devices. Invited Speaker: 35th American Heart Association Scientific Sessions. Chicago, IL.

Sandau, K.E., Hoglund, B.A., Weaver, C.E., Boisjolie, C., & Feldman, D. (2014, April). A quantitative assessment of life with a left ventricular assist device: Questionnaires, domains, and format. Poster Session presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. San Diego, CA.

Sendelbach, S., Sandau, K., Funk, M. & Drew, B. (2014, May). Computer-assisted interventions improve QTc documentation in hospital patients receiving QT-prolonging drugs. National Teaching Institute. American Association of Critical-Care Nurses, Denver, CO.

Sandau, K.E. (2013, Nov.). Session No. SMP.402. Facilitators and Barriers to Implementing Continuous ST-Segment and QTc Monitoring. Invited Speaker: American Heart Association Scientific Sessions. Dallas, TX.

Sandau, K.E. (2012, October). Impact of an 8-hour Educational Intervention for Development of Nurse Preceptors and Retention of Orientees. Poster session presented at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital's International Nursing Conference "Optimizing Nursing Professional Environment," Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Sandau, K.E. (2012, November). Session No. ATE.203 Pain Management. Strategies Using an Integrative Approach in the Patient with Cardiovascular Disease. Invited Speaker: American Heart Association Scientific Sessions. Los Angeles, CA.

Wichterman, H., Sandau, K.E., Smith, M. Stephens, K., Drew, B. Winkler, C., May, J., Fennie, K., & Funk, M. (2011, May). Minute coaching: Using evidence to act on education opportunities in electrocardiographic monitoring skills. Poster session presented at the National Teaching Institute of the Association of Critical-Care Nurses, Chicago, IL.

Sandau, K.E. (2009). The PULSE Trial. Nursing Grand Rounds, United Hospital, St. Paul, MN

Sandau, K. E. & Smith, M. (2009, April). A practical protocol to address barriers and slow acceptance for use of continuous ischemia monitoring in U.S. hospitals. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the International Society of Computerized Electrocardiology, Panama City, FL.

Certificates and Licenses

RN, ACLS

Areas of expertise

Research: Quality of life among patients with cardiovascular disease. Translation of evidence for use of continuous ECG monitoring among hospitalized patients. Clinical expertise: Cardiovascular and medical-surgical.

Research interests

Research, funding, and publication in the areas of health-related quality of life in cardiovascular patients (coronary artery bypass, aortic stenosis, left ventricular assist of devices); staff nurse development and precepting; implementation of practice guidelines; education and translation science of ECG monitoring. 2018-present - A Qualitative Study of Quality of Life and Self-Management in Patients on Mechanical Circulatory Support for End Stage Heart Failure (PI: Bernice Coleman). Cedars-Sinai Medical Center/Bethel University. 2015-2018 - Implementation of AHA Practice Standards for ECG Monitoring. (Co-PI). Abbott-Northwestern Hospital. 2013-present - Validation of a New Tool to Measure Quality of Life among Patients with a Ventricular Assist Device (QOLVAD) (PI) Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation as collaborating center for multi-sites. 2011-2017 - Quality of Life in Patients with Ventricular Assist Devices: (PI). Abbott-Northwestern Hospital Foundation, Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation. 2011-2017 - Biobehavioral Outcomes of Patients with Ventricular Assist Devices: (Co-investigator). Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation. 2008-2018 - Implementation of Practice Standards for ECG Monitoring (Practical Use of the Latest Standards for Electrocardiography - PULSE - Trial): United Hospital Site Investigator. (PI: Marjorie Funk, PhD, RN). Yale University, NIH-funded. 2007-2013 - Health-Related Quality of Life Sub-Study for the RADAR Trial: Investigator. (PI of Sub-Study. PI Wes Pederson of RADAR). Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation. 2006-2010 - National Survey of Cardiologists: Perceptions of and Standard of Practice for Continuous ST-Segment Monitoring: (PI). Bethel University/Allina Health. 2005-2008 - Neuropsychological Functioning, Delirium, and Health Related Quality of Life of Patients Following On- and Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study: Co-investigator. (PI: Ruth Lindquist). 2004-2009 - Impact of a Formal Preceptor Workshop on Hospital Nurse Preceptors and Orientees: (PI). Allina Health. 2001-2004 - Neuropsychological, Biologic, and Health-Related Quality of Life Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery 'On' vs. 'Off' Cardiopulmonary Bypass Pump: Co-investigator (PI: Ruth Lindquist).

Teaching specialty

Evidence Appraisal, Translation, Implementation. ECG Monitoring.