If your research includes any of the following criteria, it must be reviewed by the Institutional Review Board.
Research involving children under the age of 18*, pregnant women, prisoners, wards, (see Federal Regulations, July 14, 2009), and other "vulnerable populations," such as mentally disabled persons and economically or educationally disadvantaged persons.
Research involving the use of instruments to measure personality characteristics, traits, structure, or disorders (e.g., MMPI, Myers-Briggs, BDI, or others in the public domain), which require adequate training for proper interpretation.
* Some types of research conducted in K-12 school settings are reviewed at the departmental level depending on the nature of the research. See the criteria at Level 2 for research reviewed by departments. Research which involves the observation of public behavior of minors may be reviewed at the Instructor/Supervisor level depending on the nature of the research. See the criteria at Level 3 for research reviewed by the instructor/supervisor.
If your research includes any of the following criteria and does not meet the criteria for Level 1, it must be reviewed by the Supervising/Consulting Department(s).
Research conducted in established or commonly accepted educational settings, involving normal educational practices such as instructional strategies, curricula, or classroom management methods directed toward the class as a whole.
Research in which different conditions are created and applied by the researcher to groups of participants.
If your research involves survey/interview procedures, observation of public behavior, or archival data, and does not meet the criteria for review at Level 1 or Level 2, it must be reviewed by your instructor or supervisor.
When all of the following conditions exist, research can be considered Survey/Interview Procedures:
Research involving the observation (including observation by participants) of public behavior of legally competent non-institutionalized adults. This research may include the observation of minors in cases where the investigator is not a participant in the activity being observed.
When all of the following conditions exist, research can be considered Observation of Public Behavior:
Research involving the collecting or study of existing data, documents, records, pathologica specimens, or diagnostic specimens, if those sources are publicly available or if the information is recorded in such a manner that the individual sources cannot be identified, directly or indirectly, through identifiers linked to the individuals.
The use of archival data (i.e., previously collected data provided to the researcher by an organization) requires written approval from an appropriate authority to obtain and use the data. This must be submitted with the Human Subjects Review Form.
Institutional Review Board, Bethel University, December 12, 2010
Adapted from materials of the University of Minnesota, Committee on the Use of Human Subjects in Research.