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Fair Use

Under the fair use guidelines, you can copy a portion of copyrighted work without copyright infringement. The general guidelines below explain what can be reproduced under the fair use provision.

  • You must be using your copies for a nonprofit, educational purpose.
  • The time at which you were inspired to use the copyrighted work and the time at which you will use it are too close for a permission request to be processed.

Rules for using differnt kinds of copyrighted work:

  • Poetry—no more than 250 words or 2 pages.
  • Prose—a complete article, story, or essay is allowed under 2,500 words, or if the work is longer, 10% or up to a maximum of 1,000 words.
  • Illustrations—one chart, diagram, drawing, graph, cartoon, or picture per book or per periodical issue.
  • Special Works—(works that combine text with illustrations such as children's books or poetry) no more than 10% of the words in the text may be used without permission. Making multiple copies for classroom use within the fair use guidelines contains some prohibitions.
  • Copies cannot be from an anthology or be used to substitute or create one. If you wish to do this, you will need permission.
  • Copies of a consumable nature (i.e., workbooks, exercises, standardized tests, etc.) are not permitted.
  • Copies must not substitute for the purchase of books, publisher’s reprints, or periodicals.
  • Copies must not be directed by a higher authority, such as a dean or head of a department.
  • The same instructor cannot copy the same item without permission from term to term.

This material is adapted from Questions and Answers on Copyright for the Campus Community, Copyright 1991, National Association of College Stores, Inc. and The Association of American Publishers.

Bethel Print Services recognizes the importance of copyright law compliance. We will not knowingly copy materials that violate copyright law. Please make sure all of your job submissions comply with copyright law. If you have any questions, please call us before you submit your job.

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